Hi what is the difference between a Job Safety Analysis and a Safe Method Work Statement? my company has both of these but to me they seem like they are one and the same?
A JSA is a task specific hazard identification, risk assessment and risk control (HIRARC) process that lists the basic steps for performing a task, the identified risks and risk controls and is generally supplemented with a risk matrix for scoring raw and residual risk. The primary focus of JSA’s is to identify and manage risks from the identified (listed) task steps whereas a SWMS provides a lot more technical detail regarding the task steps themselves while also managing risk.
From my experience SWMS are a generic risk assessment completed by management, often an engineer, or to be honest, a lot of the time, it is sourced by ringing a colleague on another project and asking them to email one. The front page is amended to include site specific details but that’s where it stops. I’ve found the JSA or TRA is completed at a workers level which is the correct way to start a risk assessment but the detail and quality will depend on the worker’s experience and their literacy skills. This is best done as a group so no important details are overlooked and consultation/communication is executed.